The American-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 has affected Turkey’s foreign policy in unpredictable ways. On the one hand stood Turkey’s vital alliance with the US, stretching back to the early days of the cold war; on the other, the strong opposition of the Turkish people to the invasion of Iraq.
One of Iraq’s most important neighbours and America’s only formal ally in the region, Turkey gave vital support to the US during the first Gulf war. In the second Gulf war, America sought to project itself as the champion of democracy in the Middle East. Turkey, as the only Muslim country in the region with an acceptably democratic form of government, refused to support the US strategy.
The challenge faced by the Turkish government has been to sustain good relations with the superpower, while remaining answerable to its own people. To explain Turkey’s changing foreign policy, William Hale examines the relationship between Turkey, the US and Iraq since the 1920s, when the Iraqi state was first established. He also analyses Turkey’s policies towards Iraqi Kurds and its ‘Europeanisation’ as the country aligns itself with the EU.
About the Author
William Hale was formerly Professor of Turkish Politics and former Head of the Department of Political and International Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. His publications include The Political and Economic Development of Modern Turkey, Turkish Politics and the Military, Turkish Foreign Policy 1774-2000 and Aspects of Modern Turkey.
'Among the first books to assess the ups and downs in relations between Turkey and the U.S. ... Provides the reader a broader perspective from which to understand those relations, especially in the context of Iraq.' Kılıç Buğra Kanat
'This is an excellent and timely book.' B. A. Yesilada, Portland State University